Exodus: The History Behind the Story

Prof. Israel Knohl The Elephantine Stele and the Great Harris Papyrus both describe Pharaoh Setnakhte’s war against the Levantine usurper Irsu in 1186 B.C.E. Reading these accounts together with Manetho’s story of the war against Osarseph offers us a possible historical context for what eventually became the Bible’s story of the exodus of Israel from …

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The Archaeology of Early Christian Manuscripts

By Brent Nongbri Talented scholars have spent countless hours poring over our most ancient copies of Christian writings with much profit, but the object of their study has mostly been the texts that the manuscripts carry and not the ancient books themselves. What can the study of the physical objects in their own right teach us? I’ve …

Where Does Yhwh Come From?

By Martin Leuenberger In the last two decades there has been a massive revival of religious-historical approaches to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, including the study of archaeological evidence and cultural history. One of the more controversial issues concerns the origins of Yhwh, the god of the Bible The importance of this question is obvious, since it …

Decoding Göbekli Tepe: Secret Society AND Space Observatory?

A paper by authors Martin B. Sweatman and Dimitrios Tsikritsis, titled 'Decoding Göbekli Tepe with archaeoastronomy: What does the fox say?' published in Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry , vol 17, no. 1. (2017) proposed that a key purpose of the Göbekli Tepe site was to serve as an astronomical observatory to monitor comets and their meteor showers, principally of …